It reinforces the interests of those in power. In a rapidly changing world, religious faith often provides an important sense of belonging.
Mahatma Gandhi, Jesus, Thomas More all died upholding spiritual beliefs that were not those of the social order in which they lived. Radcliffe-Brown argues that religious ceremonies, for example in the form of communal dancing, promoted unity and harmony and functioned to enhance social solidarity and the survival of the society.
In this very specific sense both may be interpreted as useful and positive. However, some functions and positive roles of religion are described below: The flame of the candle system flickers. A follower of the religions internalizes these virtues and becomes disciplined citizen of the society.
Functionalist theorists argue that religion takes different forms in apparently secular societies: Religious influences political system: Religion sometimes creates intolerance and forms the root of mistrust, jealously and hatred. Religion converts the animal qualities to human qualities: Religion as Social Control 4.
Kings and Emperor was worshipped like God and they were considered as the representative of God on earth. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
For some, this means that religious authority and principles override that of secular law. Legitimating Function of Religion: For instance, it helps in bringing change sobriety to seemingly hopeless alcoholics.
It already existed in village India and other places in the form of shamans, priests and magicians shamans are treated as super-humans endowed with supernatural powers in some tribal societies. While religion supports the status quo in its priestly function, it inspires great change in its prophetic function.
Religion gives rise to the spirit of brotherhood. During ancient and medieval period, the monarchs were treating themselves as the representatives of the God or ruling the society in the name of God. Although seemingly having little basis for integration, the celebration of individualism is itself an integrating feature of such diverse religious forms.
But at the same time religion has many dysfunctions or performs many negative roles which destablishes and disintegrates society. Sharing the same religion or religious interpretation of the meaning of life unites people in a cohesive and building moral order.
While functions are intended or recognized manifestand may have a positive effect on society, dysfunctions are unintended or unrecognized, and have a negative effect on society. Religion as an Agent of De-politicization Religion Acts as Psychotherapy What is viewed as secularization in other theories is seen as simply religious change in functionalist terms.
Contrary to Weber, Marx has put forth a quite opposite thesis. Through various religious experiences he forgets the worldly life and problems. Religion as Social Control: Thus religion is the ultimate source of social cohesion. That is why religion has an important place in the life of an individual.
Similarly religious lectures, bhajans, kirtans, musical concerts followed by the utterance of hymn etc.
Each religion more or less patronise one or other forms of evil practices. Religion provides a common focus for identity and an unlimited source of rewards and punishments for behaviour.Religion can create negative results, or dysfunctions, such as a conflict between different religious groups, persecution of non-religious people, and apathy towards economic inequality.
To unlock. Dysfunctions or Negative Roles of Religion: No doubt religion performs many positive roles in society and act as an integrating or unifying force in human society.
But at the same time religion has many dysfunctions or performs many negative roles which destablishes and disintegrates society. Social scientists have analyzed religion in terms of what it does for the individual, community or society through its functions and dysfunctions.
Many of these social scientists are known to belong to the tradition of functionalist thought. A famous social anthropologist of early twentieth century. While functions are intended or recognized (manifest), and may have a positive effect on society, dysfunctions are unintended or unrecognized, and have a negative effect on society.
 Manifest dysfunctions are anticipated disruptions of social life. Along with the positive functions religion has also some negative functions or dysfunctions. Some of the main negative functions of religion are as follows: 1.
Religion hinders Social progress and impedes social changes: Religion makes people dogmatic and God-fearing. It upholds traditionalism and.Download